May 31, 1863: Alexander Biddle to Julia Williams Rush Biddle

Alexander Biddle was a member of the prominent Philadelphia Biddle family and was married to Julia Williams Rush,  the granddaughter of Dr. Benjamin Rush.  Biddle served with the 121st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, beginning in September 1862. Starting out as a major, he would participate in Fredericksburg and Gettysburg, among other engagements, and would leave the service as a lieutenant colonel. (He was commissioned, but never mustered, as colonel)


Head Qrs 121st Regt P.V.
Camp near White Oak Church                                                                                                                                                                                                May 31st 1863

Dear Julia
I arrived here this afternoon.  I came down in the boat with Edwd Gratz formerly of our Regt  but who has been made a paymaster in the Army and Lieut Col C Ross Smith of Rush’s Lancers .  I found the Regiment a good deal the worse for wear, many of the officers were sick — three of our heartiest men and one had gone home — the Colonel  was looking very well take him all in all.  I think he looked as well as any one in the Regiment — the Regiment was as weak in numbers as I have ever seen it — as I approached camp there was a little cheer from a knot of men of C .  I and the Colonel, Hall and the Dr  came out to see me.  I got through feeling pretty well, found bed and everything prepared for me, horses looking well and all as well as I could expect.  I had a long and free talk with the Colonel about my situation and views as to my resignation in which he did not controvert my impressions at all but rather agreed with them.  The Camp is on a slightly elevated piece of ground but it is very dusty, far from water, with no shade near it.  At dinner the water was nearly white, with mud I suppose.  Some of the best men in Camp I found down with illness and many others Complaining.  I do no know if it is necessary for our men to get acclimated but if Lee’s Army is no better man for man than our own it can’t do much in the way of rapid marching — And I do not believe that it is as good — the general idea seemed to be that the next battle would be fought somewhere about the Old Bull Run ground within 40 miles of Washington.   I can’t help thinking that we shall move from here before long to some more fertile locality — or at least not so much cut up by troops.  I have great reason dear wife to be thankful for the manner in which I have been taken care of by my dear wife and hope in my next to report further progress in my intentions.  God bless you and all the dear ones at Lanoraye.
Your loving Alexander

Citation: Alexander Biddle (1819-1899), autograph letter signed to Julia Williams Rush Biddle,31 May 1863. Rush IV:30:31

May 28, 1863: John Henry Brown’s Journal

John Henry Brown was a painter of portrait miniatures, living and working in Philadelphia. He had met Lincoln in August of 1860 when he was commissioned to paint Lincoln’s portrait for a supporter, but although Brown liked Lincoln personally, he did not agree with Republican policies.




Made arrangements to paint picture of Gen: Henry Bohlen dec.d who was killed in battle.


Citation: John Henry Brown, autograph journal/account book. Philadelphia, 1844-1890. AMs 573/14.1

May 27, 1863: Henry and Mary Warner to John Warner

Henry and Mary Warner lived in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, now part of Pittsburgh. They are the great-grandparents of poet Marianne Moore.  By the 1860s they had three surviving children:  John, Henry, and Anne. Their letters to John, a Presbyterian minister living in Gettysburg, are preserved as part of Marianne Moore’s family papers.

Moore VI-5-19 p1 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 5-22-63

Moore VI-5-19 p2 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 5-22-63


Allegheny City Wednesday May 27th 1863 4 P.M.

Our Dear Children—Happy are we to inform you we are all in good health—Robert seems greatly improved during the last two or three days & is attending to his business regular as usual—we were in great hopes by this time we would be able to inform you that the 2000 was disposed off some way or other, so as to be bringing in something—we expected McMasters would be along to day but he has not made his appearance yet this is the reason of writing at so late an hour we hope you have all arrived safe from Chambersburgh—when you write be sure and let us know how Mrs Craig is—your old friend Mr. Clendenning across the street is very poorly—walks from one room to another with a stick in one hand and a crutch on the other side. We had a letter from Henry day before yesterday, says he was in Philadelphia last week took a prisoner there from Fort Delaware—and delivered him up to the Provost Martial—He says—The Genl. sent for me and told me I would have to take this prisoner—so I had nothing else for it, but to comply and I buckled on a belt and revolver & started that evening on the cars, had no trouble got through all my business satisfactorily—while in Philada saw the academy of fine arts—free for soldiers—by the day week, will be able to tell more about our investment—kind remembrance to Jennie, a kiss for baby

& Remain your affectionate father & mother

Henry & Mary Warner

Revd Sam Carvis wife was buried yesterday, left him with six children—one of them an idiot

Citation: Henry and Mary Warner, autograph letter signed to John Riddle Warner.  Allegheny City [Pittsburgh], 27 May 1863. Moore VI:05:19

May 25, 1863: Joseph Johnston Coded Message to John Pemberton

AMs 357-14.2 p1 Joseph E. Johnston to John Clifford Pemberton


Jackson May 25th 1863.

Lieut: General Pemberton

My XAFVUSLX [dispatch] was VVUFLSJP[captured] by the BRCYAJ[picket]. 200000 VEGT[caps] SUAJ[have] NERP [been]ZJFM [sent]It will be GFOECSZQD [increased] as they NTYMNX[arrive] Bragg MJ [is] TPHINZG[sending] a QKCMKBSE[division]. When it DZGJX [joins] I will YOJG [come] AS [to] QHY [you] NJTWM [which]do you YTJAM [think] the JJKM [best] VFVEY [route] How & where is the JSQML[enemy] GUGSFJVE[operating]? HBFY [what] is your ROEEL [force]?

J. E. Johnston


Citation: Joseph E. Johnston (1807-1891), letter signed(cipher). Jackson, Miss; 25 May 1863. AMs 357/14.2

May 24, 1863: Henry Warner to John Riddle Warner

Henry Warner Jr. was the younger brother of John Riddle Warner, the grandfather of the poet Marianne Moore.  Henry served in  Independent Battery G from August 1862 until June 1865.These family letters are preserved as part of the Marianne Moore family papers.

Moore VI-5-19 p1 Henry Warner to John Riddle Warner 5-24-63 Moore VI-5-19 p2 Henry Warner to John Riddle Warner 5-24-63 Moore VI-5-19 p3 Henry Warner to John Riddle Warner 5-24-63Moore VI-5-19 p4 Henry Warner to John Riddle Warner 5-24-63


Fort Delaware

May 24th 1863

Nine months in the service on 22d May– ¼ of my time up—

Dear Brother

Your last long and interesting letter of 16th May reached me a few days since and I am only sorry that I have not time to write you as long a one in return—I think you accuse me very unjustly of complaining to Father & Mother about your not writing to me—allow me to say I did no such thing—If I said, that I had not heard from you since your return from this place—I done so in answer to a direct inquiry of Father’s to that effect—I did not complain or think of complaining—I know you are busy and I am willing to excuse—you and I do not very heartily excuse you—I do not wish you to write to me except when you have abundance of time, unless on particular business—And when you have that time to spare I will always be rejoiced to hear from you—Do not trouble yourself about McPherson any more—I guess what he says may be true—I am now first Sergt (Orderly), If I am promoted again, it will be to a Lieutenantcy—I am one rank below a commissioned officer—You remark Hall was our Orderly when you were here—He is now 2 Lieut.—All Sergts are numbered 2.M. Sergt is 2nd Orderly 1st—If I live and am well and nothing untoward happens before I am nine months more in the Service. I expect to have a commission—McPherson is right. I have done well and if you were acquainted with the internal management of Companies you would say so too—All those that were above me in the starting out—with the exception of Hall are not one whit higher than ever they were—a fact that is very flattering to me—I regret to say now that there is not much prospect of my being able to visit you soon—In my present position I cannot leave and if I do be able to leave occasionally—I think I ought to take the opportunity of going home dont you think so yourself? – I often regret you did not postpone your visit to Fort D. until the summer season—but I was very glad to see you when you did come and maybe you will need some vacation soon and can again. If Jennie would come I would like to see you both. And the baby too—I do not know what Father has done in relation to the money with McMaster. I enquired about it in my last letter home—I have not time at present to write you further as I would wish—Remember me kindly to Jennie and kiss the babe for me, Earnestly desiring a remembrance in your prayers

I subscribe myself

As Ever Your Affect Bro


Citation: Henry Warner Jr., autograph letter to John Riddle Warner. Fort Delaware,24 May 1863. Moore VI:5:19

May 17, 1862: Charles Dahlgren telegram to Thomas Jordan

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was a Louisiana-born general of the Confederate States Army. He had graduated second in his class from West Point in 1838 and was an admirer of Napoleon. He achieved fame early in the Civil War for commanding the Fort Sumter bombardment and as the victor of the first battle of Manassas. He later served in the Western Theater (including Shiloh and Corinth), Charleston, and the defense of Richmond, but his career was hampered by friction with Jefferson Davis and other generals.

This is one of approximately 1000 military telegrams in P.G.T. Beauregard’s papers at the Rosenbach.

Telegram 5-17-62 Dahlgreen to Jordan 10 mp



May 17 1862

By Telegraph from Washington via Fayette 17th 1862

To Brig Genl Tho Jordan

The telegraph operator at Natchez refuses to leave there according to my order. Natchez has been surrendered to. the Enemy is in their possession. their soldiers walking the streets this morning. Is it proper that my dispatches to open should go there? the Operator claims an order from Gen’l Smith at Vicksburg to remain at Natchez. Am I to be deprived of the use of the line in such manner. Has Gen’l Smith any authority over my command? Please define my power & authority & rank when in contact within my command with other Confederate officers. Please order another operator here. This one is liable for mutiny & sedition.

C. Dahlgreen

Commander Confe


Citation: Charles G. Dahlgren (1811-1888), telegram to Thomas Jordan. 17 May 1862. AMs 434/16

May 14, 1863: Map of Jackson, Mississippi

This map is one of twenty-four military maps and drawings in a collection of papers from Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard. The map is dated only 1863, but the Battle of Jackson took place on May 14, 1863.


Citation:  Map of the vicinity of Jackson, Miss. [1863]. AMs 1168/11