January 30, 1862: Report of the Home Guard of the City of Philadelphia

A 862r 001

This pamphlet was published in 1862, but the exact date is uncertain.


The assault upon Fort Sumpter and its subsequent capture in April last, awakened the loyal people of the North from their political lethargy, and disclosed to them the fact that rebellion was a reality, and not a menace.

The President of the United States issued his proclamation on the 15th of April, calling into activity 75,000 volunteers; and thereupon the Gov. of Pennsylvania ordered into service, among others, Major Gen. Patterson and the volunteer regiments of the First Division of Pennsylvania Militia. This requisition stripped Philadelphia of its organized military force; and the sense of insecurity which the departure of the troops of the First Division aroused, prompted the municipal authorities to encourage and direct the immediate organization of a special military force that would be adequate to the protection of the City, and that should not be liable to be withdrawn from it, except for its own defence upon any of the approaches thereto.

Citation: Report of Brigadier Gen’l A. J. Pleasonton, commanding the Home guard of the city of Philadelphia, to the Hon. Alexander Henry, mayor … for the year 1861. Philadelphia: Ringwalt & Brown, 1862. A 862r

January 27, 1862: Unidentified Civil War Soldier


CORRECTION: Since this post was listed, we have determined that this is a photograph of Alexander Biddle. The citation below has been updated to reflect this.

Backstamp: “J. KOLBECK/S.E. Cor. 8th and Sansom Sts.,/Below Chestnut,/PHILADELPHIA.”

Citation: Joseph Kolbeck, carte de visite of Alexander Biddle. Philadelphia, ca. 1862? Rush V:42:03

January 24, 1862: Edwin Stanton to Charles Dana

AMs 780-11 p1 Edwin M Stanton to Charles A Dana AMs 780-11 p2 Edwin M Stanton to Charles A Dana


Washington Jan 24, 1861 [i.e. 1862]

Dear Sir

The most welcome congratulations that I have received were from you. You are right in supposing my acceptance of the War office means “thoroughness, earnestness, & no compromise.” Believe me, I shall not do the Lords work deceitfully—and I am Secretary only because I had despaired of seeing it done at all. But I shall need the support of every true man—the sappers and miners about Washington are more dangerous than the Manassas rebels. I rejoiced exceedingly at the Tribunes treatment of my nomination, it gave my heart confidence & strength. Are we never to meet until I send a Provost Marshal after you? I beg you to give my compliments to Mr Greely & believe me to be Truly Yours

Edwin M Stanton


I shall rely upon the earnest men of the day to tell me whatever I ought to know. Many things will escape my observation, many may be far beyond my power but if you see them tell me of them and I will thank you.

Citation: Edwin McMasters Stanton (1814-1869), autograph letter signed to Charles A. Dana. Washington, D.C., 24 Jan. 1861 [i.e., 1862]. AMs 780/11

January 21, 1863: Henry and Mary Warner to John Warner

Henry and Mary Warner lived in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, now part of Pittsburgh. They are the great-grandparents of poet Marianne Moore.  By the 1860s they had three surviving children:  John, Henry, and Anne. Their letters to John, a Presbyterian minister living in Gettysburg, are preserved as part of Marianne Moore’s family papers.

  Moore VI-5-15 p1 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 1-21-63 Moore VI-5-15 p2 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 1-21-63


Allegheny City Wednesday January 21st 1863 11 A.M.

Our Dear Children—Your welcome letters from Harrisburgh & Gettysburgh reached us in due time—To Our Heavenly Father we return our sincere thanks for your safe arrival at home, and that on your arrival you found all well—Mother promised Liz Stevenson (now Mrs Ewing) that she would visit the family occasionally and help cheer her mother in her absence, accordingly last evening she staid there from 6 ¾ to 8 ¾ oclock, after she came home she chatted with me until time of retiring for bed—and I think I never saw her look better for the last twenty years, of which I told her in the course of conversation, this morning she seems quite lively, a heavy snow is falling at this moment, which I hope will be conducive to health, and also benefit the coming crop—We are all in excellent health—Tom Scott, Ex-president of the Merchts & Mfrs Bank died very sudden a few days ago—also John Cuits that lived at Miltenbergers Rolling Mill—Zug & Painters Nail factory was burnt last Sabbath morning at 3 oclock coss $30,000—insured for $10,000—we received a note from Henry last Saturday evening—he is very well but complains of monotony. I answered on Monday & direct some on the evil of discontent, stating how thankful he ought to be that he is not lying on the mud on the bank of the Rapahanock, that the most High has hid him, as in the cleft of the rock until this fearful judgment passes over us—When called on, I have no objection to him acting the patriot & soldier, but until then—thank the Lord for all his mercies—1 P.M. Dinner over; Now Dear John we wish you to understand, that if we do not use coffee, it is not to save money, nor is it because we cannot afford it, as far as I am concerned I would have it, if I felt that I wanted it, but when an article becomes extravagantly high such as coffee or tea, to me, it is a wonder if good milk, butter, or eggs are not better adapted to the human stomach—Oatmeal mush, & milk, what we were all fed upon when children, now that I am old my stomach yearns after the food I was accustomed to, when a funny little boy—often & often have I wondered in Pittsburgh, at country people coming in 10 or 12 miles on foot to sell good fresh butter and eggs and buy with the money coffee, tea, & sugar—If people will barter away nutritious food for what is the very reverse, let the please their fancy—If I was worth a million I would not give 34¢ per lb for the coffee, but if mother would like to have coffee, & it was 1$ per lb I would walk 5 miles to obtain it. but she seems to care as little for it as I do—I wonder the foolish people do not prefer chocolate, which is a nutritious beverage—I am in great hopes when you receive this, her little ‘ladyship’ will be in a laughing mood, and in the enjoyment of good health. We are glad to know the frock and shawl pleased Jennie;

Jennie talks about “so handsome a dress” she is worthy of a handsome dress—I hope the folks in Gettysburgh will not meet with any more ‘scares’—I wonder if the rebels have sent home that poor post master yet—kind remembrance to Jennie, & a kiss for our dear little Mary

Anne has purchased a cooking stove from Anshutz Kate Crissells man she is much pleased with it—cost $17.75 it is something like ours but a much better one, with a most excellent over in it

Your affectionate father & mother Henry & Mary Warner



Citation: Henry and Mary Warner, autograph letter signed to John Riddle Warner. Allegheny City [Pittsburgh], 21 January 1863. Moore VI:05:15

January 20, 1862: Carrie Spafford to Mr. & Mrs. Ellsworth

Carrie Spafford had been the fiancée of Col. Elmer Ellsworth. Col. Elmer Ellsworth was a lawyer and soldier and friend of Abraham Lincoln who was one of the first casualties of the Civil War. He was shot and killed on May 24, 1861 while removing a large Confederate flag from a tavern in Alexandria, Virginia.

 AMs 811-2-7 p1 Connie Spafford to Mr and Mrs Ellsworth AMs 811-2-7 p2 Connie Spafford to Mr and Mrs Ellsworth AMs 811-2-7 p3 Connie Spafford to Mr and Mrs Ellsworth AMs 811-2-7 p4 Connie Spafford to Mr and Mrs Ellsworth


Rockford. Jan. 20th 62

My dear Mr. & Mrs. Ellsworth,

Mrs. S’s kind letter was received, and I assure you was most welcome. What it came I was full of business and have been ever since. Mother has been getting worse for this past six weeks until within a few days- she seems now to be doing as well as could be expected, and we are hoping for the best. father is much better tho not by any means well. Baby is now quite well. I have been almost sick with a cold for the past week- but am getting better.

I am glad Mr. Lucith [?] was pleased with my father. I thought he would be- at least I hoped so. I am very glad you have succeeded in getting Elmers horse, is not a fine horse? What do you intend doing with it? Have you disposed of any of Elmers effects yet? if so tell me what?

The Resolutions sent from New York must be elegant I would like so much to see them. I am anxious to know where Mr. Ellsworth is to be stationed. I hope not far away.

I was quite astonished to hear of your Ministers engagement, and to so young a girl- but I hope she will do well- remember me to them both and and to all my other friends.

Miss Libbie Sears I wish would write to me. Where are the Seymours? We have been having excellent sleighing for the past four or five weeks- the snow is now about fifteen inches deep and the weather very mild.

By way of proving to you my devotion to Elmers memory I will tell you of something that has lately happened- but remember I dont tell of it boasting by. More than three years ago I recd a gentleman here from Chicago- the son of one of the wealthiest men in the City- during the time I have seen him quite often he was a friend of Elmers he came to Rockford not long since- and offered me heart, hand and fortune but I decidedly refused all. Although I think a great deal of him as a friend, I could never think of his following the place I so long kept for another. It does not seem possible that I can ever love another consequently I do not think it would be right for me to marry. And I never intended to until forced to for want of a home.

Mr. Ellsworth, are you not coming West this winter? I am so very anxious to see you. It seems a long long time since I saw you.

I have written a long letter out of nothing now I think I had better close-

Accept a great deal of love from your aff- Carrie


Citation: Carrie Spafford, autograph letter signed to Mr. and Mrs. Ellsworth. Rockford, Ill; 20 January 1862. AMs 811/2.7

January 17, 1862: Carte de Visite of Julia Biddle with Infant


Although this carte de visite is undated, the combination of the baby and the spoon bonnet that Julia is wearing suggests that it may have been taken either early in 1862, after birth of James Wilmer Biddle on 22 Nov 1861 or in early 1863 after birth of Louis Biddle on 12 Mar 1863.


Unknown photographer, carte de visite of Julia Williams Rush Biddle. Philadelphia, ca. 1862-3. 2006.690.

January 14, 1862: Florida Constitution

A f. 862c 001



Constitution, Article VI Sec. 19:

No citizen of any of the states or territories of the United States, which are now at war with the Confederate States, shall ever be admitted to the rights of citizenship in this state…


Resolution No. 44 (adopted 1/22/1863)

Whereas his Excellency the Governor has laid before this convention a communication from the General Assembly of the State of Georgia, expressive of the sentiments of the people in that State in reference to the principle for which we are contending, and the struggle in which we are engaged:

Be it therefore resolved by the people of the state of Florida in convention assembled, that Florida heartily responds to every sentiment and feeling of Georgia in this struggle for our rights, and is deliberately prepared to adopt as her motto, “Annihilation if it must be, Reconstruction never.”

Resolved, that in prosecuting our common defense against this unrighteous and Vandal war of the Federal States, Florida pledges to her sister states of the Confederacy her last dime and her last man.”


Citation: Constitution or form of government of the people of Florida…  [Tallahassee,1862]. A f.862c