December 24, 1861: Photograph of Unidentified Man


Whoever the man is in this undated photograph, he is not “Thomas Lincoln, the President’s Father”, as written on the top of the album page. Perhaps it is another “Thomas Lincoln” and the annotater got confused, or perhaps the inscription is completely mistaken.

Citation: Unknown photographer, carte de visite of unknown sitter. 1860-1865. 2006.631.1

December 20, 1861: Hartford Evening Press

Hartford Evening Press 12-20-61

Transcript (excerpt):


Condition of Bragg’s Rebel Forces

“The rebel batteries are not of a formidable character. Many of them are constructed with sandbags, and some of them are mounted with “quakers” or wooden guns-very formidable in appearance, but not of any particular service in action, Instead of one hundred and fifty or sixty guns which have been counted by our forces, the real ones are less by about one-third. The serviceable ordnance of the rebels, including those in Fort Barrancas, the only fortification which is at all formidable, number one hundred and two pieces and there is not a rifled gun among them. Lieut. Baker is positive, although it has been reported that rifled shot were fired by the enemy, that they have nothing but smooth-bore guns. But he states that there are five batteries of “Bogg’s guns” which are of ten inch caliber and carry conical shell somewhat resembling the rifled shell now in use. There are in all nine of these guns in possession of the rebels at Pensacola-one of which, and only one, is at the navy yard. This is understood to be one which damaged the federal steamer “Richmond.”…

“…Lieutenant Baker has spent considerable time in Richmond, and other parts of the confederate states, traveling twice through the whole rebel region, and conversing with all sorts of people. He is confident-and this he asserts from admissions which have been made to him-that the confidence assumed by the rebel leaders and by the journals is not shared by the people. The change, especially since the result of the Port Royal expedition has become known, and in view of the belief that other federal expeditions are to follow rapidly, has been especially marked. The people are inquiring how the war is to end; and although there is no outspoken sentiment of disaffection or dissent as to the policy of the leaders, the feeling which precedes such a state of things already exists. In threatened regions this is particularly evident. In Pensacola, it is believed that nearly if not quite half of the people are at heart for the Union. In proof of this, the fact is cited that recently many business places have been closed by order of Gen. Bragg, because of the known or suspected sympathy of the owners with the cause of the Union.”


Citation: Hartford Evening Press. Hartford, 20 December 1861. AN. H328

December 17, 1861: Henry Warner to John Warner

Henry and Mary Warner lived in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, now part of Pittsburgh. They are the great-grandparents of poet Marianne Moore.  By the 1860s they had three surviving children:  John, Henry, and Anne. Their letters to John, a Presbyterian minister living in Gettysburg, are preserved as part of Marianne Moore’s family papers.

Moore VI-4-25 p1 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 12-17-61

  Moore VI-4-25 p2 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 12-17-61

 Moore VI-4-25 p3 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 12-17-61


Allegheny City Tuesday December 17th 1861 Back kitchen 1 P.M.

Our Dear Children A Delightful day, dinner just over, Henry gone to the store, Mother & I alone here—Mother wishes me to commence this letter & will dictate—Says “In the first place is very glad you got them overshoes, is glad Jennie does not sit so close, that health ought to be attended to, before anything else, we received your good kind brotherly affectionate letter on thursday last; In regard to Anne & her affairs, she had the house rented from Monday until friday before we knew any thing about it, she told me on friday morning that she had rented a house and was going to it the next week, I told her that was a very foolish course to attempt to go before he would get a situation they did not go until the last of the next week. Now as to what they went to house keeping on, I went with her to town & she bought a bedstead @ 8$– she had plenty of Bed and bedding which she brought with her, had carpeting for her stairs and three rooms, most excellent carpet has 50 lbs of new feathers which she does not stand in need of at present that she could turn into money. I lent her your crib bedstead for the children, I lent her a breakfast table, gave her a kitchen table & 3 kitchen chairs—bought her half a dozen new chairs, One Dollars worth of cups, saucers, & plates, 1$ worth of tinware, besides a great many articles too numerous to mention that I could spare out of the house—now John you know this is the 2nd time we helped to furnish a house for her, this time I did not do it with as good a heart, the reason is I fear we will have to take her home again her & her children for I do not think that man will ever support her, I hope I may be mistaken. The reason she gave me for going to house keeping was, that if the road was open to go to Shelbyville, if they were at housekeeping the inducement to leave would not be so great, but if they were living with us he would have nothing to do but put on his hat and walk off—she had candles, & coffee, & tea, & soap enough to do her until spring I have baked and sent her all the bread they used since they went there. I also gave them as much cooking butter as will do them until spring

Now as to you sending anything to them, I hope you will not attempt such a thing at present, let them now spend the last dollar they have In my opinion it may be the best thing that ever happened both of them for they need an awakening for they were both extravagant. Now John you know I would not allow them to suffer one hour if I knew it and I will watch out that they shall not suffer, I would go beg for that woman & her two children but not one crumb for him—for he is indolent & lazy and his heart is in the South. Now John you may see plainly the less they have the better and the time may come when your assistance will be gratefully received, I know your good kind, generous heart would share the last dollar with her, you may be sure while I live I will apprise you of their circumstances and if they should need your assistance I will not be backward in letting you know Their House rent is 90$ per annum—7 ½$ per month. Your Brother Henry sent them a load of coal to their house before they went there—they have about 200$ in cash we think—Now John you ask How I got the shawl No. but Mr Thompson is to get me one in spring—the one he brought on did not please me in the dress yet untouched, but I am going to get it made very soon. Now John will say yes, ‘that is Mother.’ Now I have another little incident to inform you off; in place of going to church as she has done for the last year, they have rented a pew in Dr Plummers church at Twenty five Dollars per annum, Now I approve of them going together to church but taking their circumstances into consideration, it would be more prudent to remain as they were a little longer, now John you know that if she had a little of the economy that your wife has I would not have so much to fear

Mother has dictated all the above and allowed me to finish the letter

9 oclock Wednesday morning—Mother says, any little thing you have to say to us about that family put it on a slip inside of your letter as Anne may ask to see your letter, and we would not wish her to know any thing there is between you & us in regard to their family

Poor Kate Algeo and her an do not live together, all the women about when out of the subject to speak upon, introduce their affairs. Kate, her mother & child are going to break up house keeping and live with her brother Yani Algeo’s widow on the Bank of the Allegheny near where the George’s live—Audrey never goes near Kate

Rev’d John B. Clarke is gone to Washington to see the soldiers of our congregation along the Potomac—Students will preach for us until he comes back—have no other news or gossip to tell you off that I can think of—Kind remembrance to Jennie—

Hope my country woman Mary is well,

Hope Johnny Bull and Louis Napoleon will not light down upon us

Your affectionate father Henry Warner

P.S. I am still fixing up Zugs affairs at home here



Citation: Henry and Mary Warner, autograph letter signed to John Riddle Warner. Allegheny City [Pittsburgh], 17 December 1861. Moore VI:04:25

December 15, 1861: Photograph of Moses Polock

2006.1770 Moses Polock

Label on reverse: ” FROM/THE PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY OF/ W.L. GERMON,/No. 702 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia/IVORYTYPES of all   sizes/Photographs from life or Daguerreotypes/Photographs from Miniature to Life size/Photographs Life size in Oil/Photographs plain by the dozen/Photographs in Water Colors/Photographs in India Ink/Photographs in Pastel./DAGUERREOTYPES/Of all sizes & styles in the highest perfection of Art”.

Citation: W.L. Germon, photograph of Moses Polock. Philadelphia, ca. 1860. 2006.1770

December 13, 1861: Hartford Evening Press


Transcript (excerpt):

Revelations from South Carolina

The Great Negro Conspiracy At the South

Black Free Masonry

“Jim this is Scip,” I said, seeing that the darkeys had taken notice of each other. “How d’ye do Scipio?” said Jim, extending a hand to him. A look of singular intelligence passed over the faces of the two negroes as their hands met; it vanished in an instant, and was so slight that none but a close observer would have detected it; but some words that Scip had previously let drop put me on the alert, and I felt sure it had a hidden significance…

“Scip did you know Jim before?” I asked.

“Neber seed him afore, massa, but hab heern ob him.”…

“Pshaw, Scip, you’re ‘coming de possum;’ that game won’t work with me”… “tell me, now, what that look you gave each other when you shook hands meant.” … “it means there is some secret understanding between you two.”…

“…de blacks am all free-masons. I gabe Jim de grip, and he know’d me. He’d ha known my name if you hadn’t told him.”…

“You have said enough, Scipio, to satisfy me that there is a secret league among the black, and that you’re a leader in it. Now, I tell you, you’ll get yourself into a scrape. I’ve taken a liking to you Scip, and I should be very sorry to see you run yourself into danger.”

“I tank you, massa-from de bottom ob my soul I tank you,” he said, as the tears moistened his eyes. “You bery kind, massa; it do me good to talk wid you. But what am my life wuth? What am any slave’s life wuth? Et you war me you’d do like me!”

I could not deny it, and made no reply.”

“From this and other conversations the writer deduces-nay, he declares that he knows it to be a fact– that there exists among the blacks a secret and wide-spread organization of a Masonic character, having its grip, password, and oath. ‘It has various grades of leaders, who are competent and earnest men, and its ultimate object is freedom.”


Citation: Hartford Evening Press. Hartford, 13 December 1861. AN. H328

December 11, 1861: Henry and Mary Warner letter to John Warner

Henry and Mary Warner lived in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania, now part of Pittsburgh. They are the great-grandparents of poet Marianne Moore.  By the 1860s they had three surviving children:  John, Henry, and Anne. Their letters to John, a Presbyterian minister living in Gettysburg, are preserved as part of Marianne Moore’s family papers.

 Moore VI-4-25 Henry and Mary Warner to Children 12-11-61


Allegheny City Wednesday December 11th 1861—3 ½ P.M. Back kitchen

Our Dear Children

We are all in excellent health & spirits—Mother was away helping Anne to fix her carpet yesterday—I am very busy doing some fixing to the old books of Groff Lindsay & Co—I am doing it at home—I write this is haste—have no news—every thing is just as it was when you were here—Mother says, she thinks you ought to let us know how you got over your cold or have you got over it yet

Hope Jennie & you are in good health & that you use my country woman Mary well—

Your affectionate father & mother

Henry & Mary Warner



Citation: Henry and Mary Warner, autograph letter signed to John Riddle Warner. Allegheny City [Pittsburgh], 11 December 1861. Moore VI:04:25