November 29th 1861
Your letter asking if Mr. Leathers can be passed South, and also enclosing two extracts from papers is received.
It is entirely out of the question to pass persons South. We have many Union men sacrificing their lives now from exposure, as well as battle, in a cause brought about by Secession and it is necessary for the security of the thousands still exposed that all communication should be cut off between the two sections.
As to that article in the Hawk Eye it gives me no uneasiness whatever. The Iowa Regiment done its duty fully and my report gives it full credit. All who were on the battle field know where Gen. McClernand and myself were and it needs no resort to the public. Press for our vindication. The other extract gives our loss in killed and wounded almost exactly correct. Our missing however is only
three or four over one hundred. Recent information information received through deserters shows that the rebel loss from killed wounded and missing reaches about 2500. One thing is certain, after the battle about one third of Columbus was used for hospitals and many were removed to houses in the country. There was also two steamboat loads sent to Memphis and the largest hotel in the city taken as a Hospital. The city was put in mourning and all business suspended for a day and the citizens thrown into the greatest consternation lest they be attacked.
I wrote to you two days ago therefore it is not necessary to write a long letter. I believe I told you that Julia had gone to St. Louis. Will pay you a short visit before returning to Galena.
Citation: Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), autograph letter signed to Jesse Root Grant. Cairo, Ill., 29 November 1861. AMs 357/7
Page 1, Upper Half
Insubordination at Richmond – Two or Three Soldiers Shot Weekly
A letter from H. Wagener, from Camp Herman, Richmond, Va., to his gather in Charleston, found in Port Walker, contains the following passage:
“There is a fine want of system in everything they do here, and a constant uproar in the different regiments. We have in our neighborhood a battalion of cavalry, Col. Gregg’s regiment, a Polish brigade, two Louisiana regiments, and some others whom I have not thought of inquiring about, who are in a state of constant insubordination. In fact, they shoot two or three every week to keep them quiet. Our men have nothing to do with them, and are therefore universally well thought of.”
The letter ends with the following cautious postscript in pencil:
“You had better not mention about the insubordination to any one, for fear the Yankees might hear of it, and think we are, or our army is, going to grass. They’ll find themselves mightily mistaken. What makes them [weak?] is their want of a fight.”
Citation: New York Semi-Weekly Tribune. 26 November 1861. Gift of Steven and Susan Raab.
E. Jacobs, daguerreotype of Moses Polock. 2006.1744
Backmark : “MILES & FOSTER/No. 730 Chestnut Street/PHILADELPHIA”
Citation: Miles & Foster, photograph of unidentified man. Philadelphia, 1860-1870. 2006.1472
This portrait is by Philadelphia miniaturist John Henry Brown and is signed and dated 1861. Brown’s account book names the sole male sitter in 1861 (if the list is complete) as Thomas H. Powers, Esq., making him the likely subject. A wealthy industrialist, Powers, with others in the city’s elite, was reported by the Philadelphia Tribune in 1871 as protesting race riots that resulted in the murders of several of Philadelphia’s black residents.
Brown frequently had his subject pose for a daguerreotype, freeing both parties from tedious sittings. This miniature pair is the only known extant example of a Brown portrait that is identical to its source photograph.
Citation: John Henry Brown (1818-1891), portrait miniature. Watercolor on ivory; leather, glass, and metal frame
Philadelphia, 1861. Purchase funded by an anonymous donor. 2001.7
This sketch of the country from Alexandria to Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia is one of twenty-four military maps and drawings in a collection of papers from Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard. It dates from 1861.
Citation: Unknown artist, sketch of country from Alexandria to Fairfax Courthouse. 1861. AMs 1168/11
This autograph book/scrapbook belonged to Belle Boyd, a Confederate spy. Only 17 years old at the start of the war, Boyd used her looks and charm to gain information from Union troops stationed near her Virginia home. Her most significant action was providing information to Turner Ashby and Stonewall Jackson about Union activities in Front Royal during the 1862 Valley campaign. Boyd was arrested multiple times and was held in Union prisons from July 29, 1862 to August 28, 1862 and again from August to December 1863.
To Miss Belle
In after years when thought shall trace
The past with many an ardent sigh
And memory lighten o’er thy face
When friends warm praises meet thine eye
Spurn not this page; which speaks of one
Who dreamed youth’s half of life away
And after deemed where beauty shone
He saw the glance of Glory’s ray
10 Nov. 1861
Citation: Belle Boyd (1844-1900), Album: 1859-1903 [bulk 1862-1900]. AMs 1296/16
Cairo, November 8th 1861
It is late at night and I want to get a letter into the mail for you before it closes. As I have just finished a very hasty letter to Julia that con-tains about what I would write, and having something else to do myself, I will have my clerk copy it on to this.
Day before yesterday, I left here with about 3000 men in five steamers, conveyed by two Gun Boats, and proceeded down the river to within twelve miles of Columbus. The next morning the Boats were dropped down just east of range of the enemies Batteries and the troops disembarked.
During this operation our Gun Boats exercised the rebels by throwing shells into their Camps and Battery….
Citation: Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), letter signed to Jesse Root Grant. Cairo, Ill., 8 November 1861. AMs 357/6
John Henry Brown was a painter of portrait miniatures, living and working in Philadelphia. He had met Lincoln in August of 1860 when he was commissioned to paint Lincoln’s portrait for a supporter, but although Brown liked Lincoln personally, he did not agree with Republican policies.
At Mr Powers picture. Ada is quite sick with the Influenza.
The War news daily , is still as exciting as ever, it is not entirely reliable and therefore I have concluded not to notice it regularly in this journal.
Citation: John Henry Brown, autograph journal/account book. Philadelphia, 1844-1890. AMs 573/14.1
This daguerreotype by James McClees was taken to assist miniature painter John Henry Brown in painting a portrait. Brown frequently utilized photography, freeing both parties from tedious sittings. Brown’s account book names the sole male sitter in 1861 (if the list is complete) as Thomas H. Powers, Esq., making him the likely subject. A wealthy industrialist, Powers, with others in the city’s elite, was reported by the Philadelphia Tribune in 1871 as protesting race riots that resulted in the murders of several of Philadelphia’s black residents.
Citation: James E. McClees (1821-1887), portrait of male sitter. Daguerreotype; leather case. Philadelphia, 1861. 2001.7