This unusual full-front page map shows the situation in northern Virginia as of late June. The map clearly shows the defenses assembled at Fredericksburg, Richmond, and along the major rivers, as well as batteries posted along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, near the town of Manassas Junction, where the first pitched battle of the war would be fought. In an interesting allusion to Virginia’s role in the Revolutionary War, the map also noted where British troops landed on the York River, presumably indicating the upper reaches of the river’s navigability for large ships.
Citation: Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia, 22 June 1861. Gift of Steven and Susan Raab. AN .P5546