April 27, 1862: Telegram on Naval Positions in the Lower Mississippi

Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard was a Louisiana-born general of the Confederate States Army. He had graduated second in his class from West Point in 1838 and was an admirer of Napoleon. He achieved fame early in the Civil War for commanding the Fort Sumter bombardment and as the victor of the first battle of Manassas. He later served in the Western Theater (including Shiloh and Corinth), Charleston, and the defense of Richmond, but his career was hampered by friction with Jefferson Davis and other generals.

This is one of approximately 1000 military telegrams in P.G.T. Beauregard’s papers at the Rosenbach.

 AMs 1168-11 1862-04-27 AMs 1168-11 1862-04-27 p2



Apl 27, 1862

There are 13 vessels in all, all steamships. Letter from Genl Duncan says Forts strong as day fight commenced, Mortar fleet had all left, says has plenty ammunition & provisions no idea of surrendering. Vessels drawn up before City seemingly awaiting result of conference the holding of which put off by Federals. All communication by Telegraph cut off save this wire. The enemy cut this last night.

Apparently but one iron clad steamer in enemy fleet. Last heard of the Louisiana she was safe laying between Forts this is not reliable however. The “McRae” came up from Forts this morning under Flag of Truce with 40 wounded communicated with Fleet. It reported Yankee’s refuse permit her depart again.

In the squadron 5 large ships not Gunboats. But little accurately know. Reported Manassas sunk 1 of Enemy’s ships but sunk herself also. It is believed squadron short of both ammunition & provisions”


Citation: Unknown author, telegram on naval positions in the lower Mississippi. 27 April 1862. AMs 1168/11

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